There are a number of drugs that reduce perspiration due to their inhibiting effect on the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. These anticholinergic agents compete with the neurotransmitter by occupying the receptors on the cell surface of the sweat gland. While acetylcholine stimulates the sweat gland to produce and expel sweat, anticholinergics have no effect on the gland and therefore perspiration is reduced.
Unfortunately, anticholinergics do not exclusively block the sweat glands, but exert an inhibitory action on all organs controlled by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. These include, inter alia, the salivary glands, the digestive tract, the urinary bladder, the heart. The inhibitory effect of anticholinergics may therefore lead to dryness of the mouth, blurred vision, constipation, weak urine flow, increased heart rate. Often, these side effects are so unpleasant that they require interruption of treatment before a sufficient inhibition of perspiration is achieved. For this reason, these drugs rarely provide an acceptable long-term solution, but may be used occasionally to suppress sweating in situations, where sweating would be particularly embarrassing.
Substances and products
Most of the medications listed below are made available for the treatment of other conditions. Their inhibitory side effect on the sweat glands is used to treat hyperhidrosis, though this indication is usually not explicitly declared ("off-label" treatment).
NB: some of these drugs are not approved or available in all countries.
Skin fungus often play an important role in bromhidrosis, especially on the feet. By appropriate treatment, the odor problem may significantly improve.